Tafseer by Dr. Farhat Hashmi, translated by me:
وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ ابْنَيْ آدَمَ بِالْحَقِّ إِذْ قَرَّبَا قُرْبَانًا فَتُقُبِّلَ مِنْ أَحَدِهِمَا وَلَمْ يُتَقَبَّلْ مِنَ الْآخَرِ قَالَ لَأَقْتُلَنَّكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّـهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ ﴿٢٧﴾
[5:27 English translation
And recite to them the story of Adam’s two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to Allah], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other. Said [the latter], “I will surely kill you.” Said [the former], “Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him].
The stories in the Quran are not for entertainment they are for learning.
Previous one was to learn the attitude of the Children of Israel to Moses AS and then to Prophet Muhammad. Their attitude reflects: Sarkashi, hasad and Dhulm, We are being taught that these attributes are harmful in dunya and Akhirah.
Prophet Muhammad has been specifically asked to relay this happening:
When two people did a sacrifice, (in tafseer rewayaat: In Adams children sisters and brothers could marry Adam AS made a rule that one twin would marry a subsequent twin.
In this story: two brothers Habeel had a sister was not beautiful, while Qabeels (Cain) sister was pretty and thus he wanted to marry his own twin sister, He was denied by Adam AS. When the son Qabeel insisted then Adam AS made sharth that each of you do sacrifice, and whomsoever so Habeel (Abel) sacrificed a goat and Qabeel sacrificed something (product) from his field. In those times the acceptance from Allah was immediately recognized.
A fire from the skies swallowed Habeels goat, and Habeels was not accepted.
One was accepted and the other was rejected.
Allah does not accept:
- If the sacrifice is to show others and is not for Allah
- If the sacrifice is from stuff acquired by haram source or activity or is taken from others by force, or from the oppressed.
- Allah only accepts pure things.
Qabeel (Cain) became angry, he said “I am going to kill you” his sacrifice had not been accepted (Hasad) so he was not going to be able to marry the girl he wanted so he wanted that Habeel should also not be able to marry the girl he wanted to marry. (Hasad also: Dog and the manger)
Habeel (Abel) said Allah only accepts from those with taqwa (which is in the heart). He explained what is acceptable to Allah as a sacrifice.
This is an indication for us that all our sadaqa and sacrifice should be for the sake of Allah and nothing and no one else.
- Greed of acquisition (Hasad or violent envy)
- Dog and the manger (shahwaat and hasad)
If you lift your hand I will not kill you (not that I will not defend myself) but not have the intention to kill you.
Killing a momin is a huge sin
4:93 But whoever kills a believer intentionally – his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.
Bukhari: (Hadith paraphrased) when two Muslims face each other with a sword them then killer and the killed are both in the Fire. Someone asked: Why the killed, RA said he had the hunger to kill though he was not successful, he also will go to the FIRE.
Defense is allowed if someone wants to kill you, but the intention is not to kill someone intentionally.
Taqwa is the basis of acceptance from Allah.
Taqwa to protect one from killing senselessly
- I fear Allah and I will not kill, thus you also should not do it (instruct by speech and action).
- If you kill me, you will become responsible for the sin of killing me and all the disobedience done previously, and you will be in the FIRE.
Qabeel did not heed it. He was convinced by his Nafs, which made it easy to kill his own brother. Desires overcome one and blind the person, ones Nafs is the worst enemy of a momin.
Allah humma inni oudibika min sharrey nafsi
O Allah I seek refuge from the sharr of my Nafs.
Another dua is: (from the morning evening adkaars)
اللّهُـمَّ عالِـمَ الغَـيْبِ وَالشّـهادَةِ فاطِـرَ السّماواتِ وَالأرْضِ رَبَّ كـلِّ شَـيءٍ وَمَليـكَه، أَشْهَـدُ أَنْ لا إِلـهَ إِلاّ أَنْت، أَعـوذُ بِكَ مِن شَـرِّ نَفْسـي وَمِن شَـرِّ الشَّيْـطانِ وَشِـرْكِه، وَأَنْ أَقْتَـرِفَ عَلـى نَفْسـي سُوءاً أَوْ أَجُـرَّهُ إِلـى مُسْـلِم .
“Allaahumma ‘aalimal-ghaybi wash-shahaadah, faatiras-samaawaati wal-’ard, rabba kulli shay’iw-wa maleekah, ash-hadu allaa-ilaaha illaa ant, a‘oodhu bika min sharri nafsee wa min sharrish-shaytaani wa shirkih, wa’an aqtarifa ‘alaa nafsee soo’aa, aw ajorrahu ilaa muslim.”
“Ô Allaah, Knower of the world of the unseen, and the world manifest, Creator of the heavens and the earth, Lord and sovereign of all things, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. I take refuge in You from the evil of my own nafs and from the evil and shirk of the shaytaan, and from committing wrong against my nafs or bringing such upon another Muslim.”
Rasoolullaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Say, if you have entered upon the morning or have entered upon the evening…Say it when you enter upon the morning, and when you enter upon the evening, and when you have taken to your place of sleep.”
Nafsani desires: Shawaat (sexual appetite). Sometimes the love of a woman causes men to commit major sins:
E.g.; Qataa e Rahmi (family connections broken, their rights broken for the love of woman) the punishment for this is given in this dunya
Nafs uses rationalization to justify the fulfillment of ones desires, especially if they are illegitimate.
Qabeel was overcome by his Nafs and killed his brother to remove him from his path, thinking this will resolve his problem. However one forgets the guilt causes all joy in everything to end. Every sin has vizr (load).
Allah is Ghafoor rur Raheem thus we are given Istighfaar to drop the “load” of sins.
As soon as he committed murder he entered the ranks of the Losers.
Hadith: the person who kills someone with Dhulm, this is also loaded on Qabeel or the son of Adam.
He was unaware of how to kill, he was taught by shaitaan to hit Habeel with a rock on the head by demonstrating it on an animal.
After he had done so Shaitaan disappeared and went to Hawwaa (their mother) and informed her that her son had been killed.