وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لَا تَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا اللَّـهَ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَقُولُوا لِلنَّاسِ حُسْنًا وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا مِّنكُمْ وَأَنتُم مُّعْرِضُونَ ﴿٨٣﴾
[2:83] Yusuf Ali
And remember We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (to this effect): Worship none but Allah; treat with kindness your parents and kindred, and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and practise regular charity. Then did ye turn back, except a few among you, and ye backslide (even now).
Remember that We made a solemn covenant with the children of Israel to this effect: worship none save Allah: be good to your parents, to your relatives, to the orphans and to the helpless; speak aright with the people: establish the Salat and pay the Zakat. But with the exception of a few, you all slid back from it and are paying no heed to it even now.
TAFSEER from Dr. Farhat Hashmis taleem ul Quran:
Allah is giving an example of Bani Israel to teach the current day Muslims a lesson, these are ibrat
A firm contract was taken from Bani Israel via the Prophets:
I. You will not worship any one other than Allah the one God and no other entity. And do not obey taghoot.
Every Prophet (surah Nahl ayah 35) reminded us of the same message.
II. After Allah the next biggest right is that of parents give them more than their rights (ehsaana) With all the bounties that Allah has given us use that to beautify our dealings with our parents. (Surah isra 23-24)
1. With tongue, speak respectfully
2. With body, remain humble before your parents (no arrogance)
3. Make Dua for them (dua: O Allah take care of my parents like they took care of me when I was a baby)
Hadith: A Sahabi asked: which act does Allah like best?
1. Prayers on time
2. Good attitude towards parents
3. Jihaad fi sabillallah
When Allah gives naimah (bounties first we have to share them with our parents, when parents get upset with us it is not that they do not love us, but because they want the best for you.
III. Relationship with (iqraba) siblings and their children aunts uncles etc, do ehsaan to the relatives of your parents with word and action. Do not cut relationships with each other.
IV. Allah wants us to do good and right with the orphan (one who has lost their father) they become not only destitute for money but also for guidance and education. Sometimes when one wants release of this duty people become harsh with the orphans. A woman alone needs assistance in all ways to help out the education and guidance of the orphan whose father has died.
V. Allah wants us to do good to the misakeen : people who cannot help themselves due to physical, or mental challenges, such as a chronic illness, depression or sadness.
VI. Beautify your words to people overt and covert, in words and in content. Style should be beautiful and the content should be truth.
Allah says to RasoolAllah pbuh use words and speech, which would sink into the hearts of people.
Qulaal Husana: Thus ones expression, the content of the words and the tone of voice should all be beautiful with simplicity, sincerity and truth. Stay away from blame, sarcasm and complexity.
How to bring beauty to speech? To remember the above
VI: Aqeemas salaat: Set up the salaah beautifully and with accuracy.
VII atuz ZAKAT:
Most turned their faces to this except for few. Most are not really interested in this.
If we see the todays Muslims we are either very good in one aspect but other aspects are fallen.
Sometimes we do all the good deeds but forget Allah’s rights.
Thus each of these things have to be done as commanded.
This contract was made not only with Bani Israel but also with the Muslims.
Do we abide by and practice each of the above?
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