الَّذِينَ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقَوْلَ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ أَحْسَنَهُ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ هَدَاهُمُ اللَّـهُ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمْ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ ﴿١٨﴾
[39:18] Yusuf Ali
Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.
Tafseer by Dr. Farhat Hashmi (my understanding of it)
WHO DOES ALLAH ADDRESS AS “MINE”?
Allah calls these folks HIS PEOPLE:
- Those who listen carefully to the words.
- Those who listen carefully and with extreme attention, the words: which may be of many types, good, very good, bad, very bad, and or obscene.
Why is it important to listen with full attention? Focused listening tells us the significance of the content of the words. Thus the first Step to learn to change ones actions is the act of focused listening
GRAPH OF WHAT ONE LISTENS TO USUALLY
If we make a graph of all the things that we hear in a day, We can assess the percentage of each type of content by sifting through after attentive listening with discernment: good words, ahsan (extremely good), hasan (good), saiye (mistakes and bordering on bad) aswaa (? Urdu readers please help translate this), lagv. (Obscene, useless)
We hear according to whatever company we keep, this may be human company or a one transmission of words via TV, radio, phone, Internet, other electronics etc.
3. Those who listen with focused attention they keep what is ehsan and trash and ignore what is not ehsan.
4. When they hear about the Deen they take what is the highest or ehsan of the Deen. To translate the words into action they take what is the most ehsan (extreme good, which is greater than our basic right).
One example of an ehsan action: is that if one gives a loan and one realizes that the other person is in extreme difficulty and it is obvious that he or she cannot pay it back at the appointed time:
i) One level of hasan is if the other cannot pay, the loaner gives the loanee more time to pay back .
ii) The highest level of ehsaan is that the loaner fully understanding the situation of the loanee forgives the loan as a sadaqa.
Actions also have levels:
Those folks also even leave the mubah thus practice extreme ehsaan.
For them Allah Subhanawataala has promised a house in the middle of Jannah. These are those people who give up their rights even when they know they are right only to end a heated argument for the sake of Allah.
Allah Subhanawataala says further into Surah Zumar:
وَاتَّبِعُوا أَحْسَنَ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ الْعَذَابُ بَغْتَةً وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَشْعُرُونَ ﴿٥٥﴾
[39:55] Yusuf Ali
“And follow the best of (the courses) revealed to you from your Lord, before the Penalty comes on you – of a sudden while ye perceive not!-
And in Surah AL Araaf Allah Subhanawataala says to Moses AS:
وَكَتَبْنَا لَهُ فِي الْأَلْوَاحِ مِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مَّوْعِظَةً وَتَفْصِيلًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَخُذْهَا بِقُوَّةٍ وَأْمُرْ قَوْمَكَ يَأْخُذُوا بِأَحْسَنِهَا ۚ سَأُرِيكُمْ دَارَ الْفَاسِقِينَ ﴿١٤٥﴾
[7:145] Yusuf Ali
And We ordained laws for him in the tablets in all matters, both commanding and explaining all things, (and said): “Take and hold these with firmness, and enjoin thy people to hold fast by the best in the precepts: soon shall I show you the homes of the wicked,- (How they lie desolate).”
And in Surah Nahl Allah Subhanawataala reminds us:
مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ ﴿٩٧﴾
[16:97] Yusuf Ali
Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has Faith, verily, to him will We give a new Life, a life that is good and pure and We will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions.
Summary: ALLAH DEFINES THE DISCERNING LISTENER AS “MINE”
WHAT ARE THE QUALITIES OF A DISCERNING LISTENER?
The discerning listener is one who listens with complete attention to what the speaker says, sifts the message for what is best, acts on it with extreme grace and discards what is less than good.
Continued inshallah tomorrow……….
ALLAH KNOWS BEST : Inshallah continued in tomorrows post.