وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِأَنَّ لَهُم مِّنَ اللَّـهِ فَضْلًا كَبِيرًا ﴿٤٧
33:47 And give good tidings to the believers that they will have from Allah great bounty.
وَلَا تُطِعِ الْكَافِرِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَدَعْ أَذَاهُمْ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّـهِ وَكِيلًا ﴿٤٨﴾
33:48 And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites but do not harm them, and rely upon Allah.
And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.
BACKGROUND: After Prophet Muhammad at the command of Allah broke away from the Arabian tribal tradition of “the adopted son is same as a blood kin” by marrying the divorcee of his adopted son; this caused uproar in the Arabian society. This created much embarrassment for Prophet Muhammad pbuh who by nature was a sweet, shy and a very private man. This public outcry and hurtful remarks on his private life were demeaning and hurtful for him.
TAFSEER BY DR FARHAT HASHMI (translated from Urdu)
Here Allah Subhanawataala gives a magnificent reassurance of enjoining tawakkul wrapped within it is serenity and peace of heart.
Thus after preparing all possible means for success as defined by Allah Subhanawataala the Momin is asked to leave the outcome to Allah for that is not in the hands of humans.
In addition He (Subhanawataala) spreads the good to All momins by asking Prophet Muhammad to: Tell the Momins Allah has sent his fadal (jannah and all its blessings) and not to obey the Kaafirs (all those who deny Allah overtly or covertly i.e. Kaafir and Munafiq).
Leave with peace their (the kaafirs) trials on you Allah will save you from their Shar and do Tawakkul on Allah
What is Tawakkul?
Tawakkul is true reliance in Allah. For our personal need we need to fulfill all worldly means to achieve it and then leave the result to Allah Subhanawataala. Tawakkul gives peace and serenity in the heart.
Why has this been said?
It is being said to give the Rasool pbuh reassurance to leave the results in the hands of Allah but this does not mean that one leaves the means needed to complete the plans.
Allah is enough for the Momins. He is the wakeel (proponent) for the people. This is a sentence to encourage optimism.
Is this hokum to spread the Deen (bring the good news and be a warner) only for Rasool or for everyone?
Surah Nahl: When Prophet Muhammad pbuh invited others to Allah did he do it to the exclusively of all others? No, others also did this in the Prophet’s pbuh) lifetime?
The examples are: Musa bin Umayr in Medina spread the word of Islam and Abu Bakr Siddiq in Mecca shared the message of Allah with his close friends resulting in Usman bin Auf becoming a Muslim. This was during the lifetime of the Prophet pbuh.
Are you bringing the good news to your friends?
Are you bringing the warning to your contacts?