turkish lamp: courtesy:

﴾ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ شَاهِدًا وَمُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا


[33:45] Sahih International

O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner.

وَدَاعِيًا إِلَى اللَّـهِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَسِرَاجًا مُّنِيرًا ﴿٤٦

And one who invites to Allah, by His permission, and an illuminating lamp.

TAFSEER BY DR FARHAT HASHMI (translated from urdu, please forgive errors)

Allah Zojal himself, raising the bar for Muslims to transform themselves to Momins by emulating these characteristics, describes seven characteristics of Prophet Muhammad pbuh in these two ayahs.

Siraaj is a lamp that is lighted itself and also illuminates others and serves too show that which is not visible to others

Rasullallah pbuh is called Siraj an Munirah

He dispels the darkness and spreads the light of his lamp as a Siraaj un Munirah and illuminated the world and removed the darknesses of ignorance and brutality.

Allah instilled the light of Tawheed in the dark hearts of the pagans and ignoramus.

Allah compliments Rasoolallah pbuh with the title of Siraaj un Munirah. Lighting the world

Human beings bring change not things or resources.

After the myth of an adopted son being a real son was busted by RasoolAllahs (pbuh) marriage to Zaynab RA, the pagans of Quraish focused on his marriage and made all kinds of allegations the same as the current day disbelievers who focus on his marriage and make all kinds of unfounded allegations.

Allah Subhanawataala refocuses the attention of people to the Nabi and states the seven beautiful characteristics of RasoolAllah pbuh in these two ayahs:

These are:







Hidayat  (Siraaj un Munirah)

These characteristics were also described in the Torah. Bukhari in his riwayah states:

Ata bin Yasaar asked Abdullah bin Amr bin al Aas what are the characteristics of Prophet Muhammad pbuh described in the Torah:
He replied: Those that are in the Quran are also in the Torah and are described as:

“We have sent you as a Shahid and Mubashir and Nazeer, and for the protection and security of the ummeein (the weak) of Arabia.

You are our Rasool and with you have Tawakul on Us. You are not too soft and not too hard, and you do not run around public places making noisy announcements.

You do not avenge wrongdoing. You forgive them. Allah will not recall you till you have straightened the crooked nations. It is through you that they will acknowledge the one God with la ilaha illallah. It is through you that Allah will open blind eyes and deaf ears and will open the hearts of people, which are tightly covered and closed.







In the Torah he has thus been described:

End Tafseer….


  1. SubhanAllah! But of course the traits of the Rehmat ul Aalimeen are indeed beyond compare.

    Forgive my very limited understanding but aren’t some of these traits unique to the person and the miracle of our beloved prophet (Sall Allah u Alaihi Wasaallam)? And even for those characteristics that we can try to adopt, But aren’t we very, very limited in our ability to actually do so?

    May Allah Almighty keep us on the path of the righteous and safeguard our hearts against all shar. Aameen.


    • Asalaam aoalikum, I also had the same response when I was listening, but then remembered that it is only in our attempts to emulate our dear Prophet Muhammad pbuh will we ever reach any wordily zenith in Deen. After his death we are enjoined to “give forward” the message of Allah. Does that make us some who is bringing basharat? (or good news) In the succeeding Ayahs and elsewhere in the Quran, Allah has placed the responsibility of spreading his word bring the ‘baccarat” and be “the warner” (nazeer) as well as the other atributesas the responsibility of the Ummah…….. so thus it is:)
      We will never be like him but we have to reach for the stars and hope to get some elevation.


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