وَاذْكُرْنَ مَا يُتْلَىٰ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّـهِ وَالْحِكْمَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ كَانَ لَطِيفًا خَبِيرًا ﴿٣٤﴾
Numerous English translations:
And remember what is recited in your houses of the verses of Allah and wisdom. Indeed, Allah is ever Subtle and Acquainted [with all things].
And recite what is rehearsed to you in your homes, of the Signs of Allah and His Wisdom: for Allah understands the finest mysteries and is well acquainted (with them).
And keep to mind what is recited in your houses of the communications of Allah and the wisdom; surely Allah is Knower of subtleties, Aware.
And bear in mind that which is recited in your houses of the revelations of Allah and wisdom. Lo! Allah is Subtile, Aware.
And remember (O you the members of the Prophet’s family, the Graces of your Lord), that which is recited in your houses of the Verses of Allah and Al-Hikmah (i.e. Prophet’s Sunnah – legal ways, so give your thanks to Allah and glorify His Praises for this Qur’an and the Sunnah ). Verily, Allah is Ever Most Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things.
33:34 (Asad) And bear in mind all that is recited in your homes of God’s messages and [His] wisdom: for God is unfathomable [in His wisdom], all-aware.
Tafseer by Dr. Farhat Hashmi (translated)
In this ayah Allah Subhanawataala directly addresses “the women of the Nabi” meaning the wives of our beloved Prophet pbuh.
He (Subhanalawataala) says: mention, remind and teach what is recited (do tilawah) in your homes, (only the Quran is something that is recited /tilawah) and also mention (teach) the wisdom you have learned and pass it forward. Wisdom according to Imam Shafi has been explained as Hadith, the words of wisdom from RasoolAllah. Pbuh
The word used here is وَاذْكُرْنَ.
Zikr: The discussion of this word is as follows:
- And Remember! And do not forget, remember it yourself
- And remind others what has been forgotten
- Relate it to others (bayaan), mention it in front of others also.
In the Quran Allah Subhanawataala says; (transliteration: wazkur fil kitabi Miriam: Mention Miriam in the book.
Allah Subhanawataala says that do this with all that is being recited in your home, not just some of it or most of it but ALL of it.
(My note: The best method of remembering something is to teach it)
Thus all through the history of the lives of the Azwaaj e Mutharaat one sees them teaching others, reminding others of the words of Allah as well as the words and wisdom of Prophet Muhammad pbuh life.
(My note: Some examples are Aisha RA teaching eighty sahabah from age 18 through age sixty.
Hafsah (RA) becoming the keeper of the Quran and others)
Azwaaj e Mutharaat are examples for us as Muslim women. Both men and women have benefited from the teachings of the Azwaaj e Mutharaat. They thus fulfilled the direct command from Allah.
After the Azwaaj e Mutharaat, Muslim women have a long history of teaching both men and women about the Quran and Hadith and the Sunnah.