Background: It is the battle of Uhud, the tables have been turned, the Muslims were winning now they are losing, there are rumors that Prophet Muhammad pbuh has been killed, some Muslims have lost hope and dropped their weapons and are despondent. The hypocrites are telling the relatives of the dead Muslims “if you had not sent your men out to war, they would have been alive today”
In this scene of disarray, loss of hope, a sense of deep defeat, a feeling of shock as to how could a Prophet be defeated and killed by the kuffar, the sadness and guilt in the hearts of the relatives of the dead, with salt being poured onto their wounds by the hypocrites…………..
In this grief locked scenario come these ayahs and are a balm for the Sahaba for what seemed like a never-ending pain.
In the earlier ayahs Allah Subhanawataala points out the lessons to be learned but in this ayah He is all encouragement.
His words bring the soft, kind, loving encouragement that you receive from someone who loves you, coaxes you out of your despondency, shows you the silver lining on the dark cloud, and reminds you that there is a rainbow after the storm and most of all offers ………Love!
The greatest gift a person can ever get: the promise of The Love of the divine……….
وَكَأَيِّن مِّن نَّبِيٍّ قَاتَلَ مَعَهُ رِبِّيُّونَ كَثِيرٌ فَمَا وَهَنُوا لِمَا أَصَابَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ وَمَا ضَعُفُوا وَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِ١٤٦﴾بُّ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿
And how many a prophet [fought and] with him fought many religious scholars. But they never lost assurance due to what afflicted them in the cause of Allah, nor did they weaken or submit. And Allah loves the steadfast.
TAFSEER BY DR. FARHAT HASHMI (translated)
Allah Subhanawataala reminds them of all the strong hearted men whose hearts were attached to Allah (Rabi’una) who fought with the prophets of the past (reminding them of Talut).
Even though they were logistically compromised, yet none of them were indecisive about the strength of their emaan and their will to follow through with their Prophets.
They did not show physical weakness ( ضَعُفُوا Dhuhaf) nor emotional weakness (wahan)
Nor did they have Istikanu : which means being stunned, shocked, and immobile, and unable to, move forward and paralyzed into inaction by defeat or bad news.
Allah Subhanawataala in the previous ayah reminded the relatives of the dead who were being told by the hypocrites that if their loved ones had not gone to war they would have been alive… He says, “ Allah has fixed a time of death and no one can die without His permission”
Allah Subhanawataala offers a balm to the hurting warriors:
He reminds them that the motivation must come from their faith in Him and the righteousness of the command they follow and not from people and things.
What stops motivation? One is stopped in ones motivation due to the love of worldly things and people.
Finally in the last line of the ayah Allah Subhanawataala offers His love!
He says, “Allah loves those who are sabireen”
Why Sabireen? Because all of the abovementioned demonstration of strength, faith, consistent pursuit of righteousness in the face of adversity, as well as facing the negative and discouraging results with consistency and optimism can only be done if one has the beautiful but incredibly challenging quality of Sabr…………..
Why have it? Because it wins the love of Allah!…………………… to be continued