Tafseer by Dr. Farhat Hashmi (translated)
No one can die without the permission of Allah.
Allah has made the time of death fixed. The example is of Khalid bin Waleed, he was a warrior who had fought so many wars that his entire body was covered with scars, the odds of his dying in bed were miniscule and yet he died in bed not in war.
Allah Subhanawataala states that the time and place of death is fixed. No one can move it.
WHAT DO YOU WANT? AND WHEN DO YOU WANT IT?
The one who wants the good of this dunya, Allah will give from dunya and one who wants the reward of Akhirah we will give from that
We will give reward to the one who is grateful.
The one who fights for obtaining rewards in this dunya then that is all he will get.
Elsewhere in the Quran Allah Subhanawataala says:
Surah As Ashura 20: The one who wants to reap his rewards in akirah we will increase his rewards manifold, but the one who wants his rewards in dunya then we will only give him from dunya (which is limited) and for him there is nothing in akhirah
In Surah Bani Israel, Allah Subhanawataala days that the one who wants a quick reward we will give it to him quickly and then he will end in Jahannaum, and the one who struggles for the akhirah, his efforts will be appreciated.
Our prayers and duas are according to our niyyah.
Surah Baqara: Rabana Atayna fid dunya: etc: When someone asks for dunya it is so that one do such things that one would end in Jannah in the Akhirah.
WHAT IS YOUR NIYYAH FOR YOUR ACTIONS?
If one does something fisabillAllah (for the sake of Allah) then Allah puts peace in his or her heart
Hadith: related by Anas (RA):
The one whose niyyah is for reward for Akhirah then Allah puts calmness in his or her heart.
The one whose need for dunya will be right in front of him or her than Allah makes that person agitated. And yet he only gets that in dunya what has been written for him.
When someone gives and does not rub it in as a favor that is the best.
When one gets slow in doing good, that is because his niyyah is not fisabillah (for the sake of Allah)
ARE YOU’RE A REACTIVE WORSHIPPER?
One gets frustrated when he does not see results, which would benefit him or her.
Thus he or she changes the pace of doing good.
CLEANSING OF THE HEARTS IN UHUD
The battle of Uhud was a loss because hearts were not clean in everyone. It was a sifter of hearts,. The first cut was made when the munafiqeen left. The second cut was those people who had good hearts but were easily swayed by dunya items.
ALLAH SUBHANAWATALA gives s sweetness in emaan when the heart is filled with peace.
When a human is pure in his intentions then the dunya comes to his feet.
For the one who desires dunya only he sees what he does not have and is worried about all what he does not have. His thoughts are scattered and becomes disoriented from the central point. He walks different directions, because he has not centralized Allah in his heart.
Allah gives only that what he has designated for that person, (so all the extra effort put in to gain dunya at the expense of Akhirah is a waste of time and effort)
Allah Subhnawataala says: We will give reward to the grateful. I.e. those who recognize Allah and spread his word.
In Uhud, Abdullah bin Jubair who stayed with ten companions over the mountain and obeyed Rasullallah (pbuh) were not interested in the booty of war.
13 who stayed with RasoolAllah, (pbuh) the rest were distracted and were collecting booty.
ARE WE SHAKIREEN?
Shakireen are those people who obey Allah in gratitude, rather than being obedient to get something from Allah in some short-term good in this world.
When one does it for short term needs then that person cannot have istiqamah. As they change with obtaining the need or at not getting it, then they become reactive.
Such a person says, “if I get what I prayed for in dunya then I will do ebadah if not then I will not.
And finally Allah promises:
Allah will give great reward to the ones who are grateful.