THE HUMAN PERSONALITY AND TWO FORMS OF KNOWLEDGE. Excerpted from a Round Table conference by Professor Israr Ahmed.

Human beings are a composite of:

  1. An animal being (out of the earth from clay)
  2. The spiritual being (from the angel, Ruh/spirit)


The human spirit is not from clay. It is from Allah, from light.

According to the Quran there are two spheres of existence:


1.   Independent (amr: things happen immediately: by command of God e.g. Allah says, “Be” and it is! Ibdaa in Arabic. There is no time factor.

  1. Creation, which is from something existing and takes time e.g., man from clay, jinns from fire, angels from light.

In this world of creation time factor is involved. Quran and the bible say that this world was made in six days (Allah’s days not ours) same say 50 000 years=one day.

Every material creation takes time e.g. Human embryo to become a fetus needs time.


The key is in this ayah:


40:11: O Lord you have put us to death twice and revived us twice, so now is there any exit from here?

قَالُوا رَبَّنَا أَمَتَّنَا اثْنَتَيْنِ وَأَحْيَيْتَنَا اثْنَتَيْنِ فَاعْتَرَفْنَا بِذُنُوبِنَا فَهَلْ إِلَىٰ خُرُوجٍ مِّن سَبِيلٍ ﴿١١

They will say, “Our Lord, You made us lifeless twice and gave us life twice, and we have confessed our sins. So is there to an exit any way?”



Long before the creation of the material Universe that took place with the Big Bang,

Ku n the command from Allah came and took the form of subtle light without heat.

From this light was created angels and the human spirit and is thus so from Adam to the last CHILD of Adam.



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