بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
ٱذۡهَبۡ أَنتَ وَأَخُوكَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِى وَلَا تَنِيَا فِى ذِكۡرِى (٤٢) ٱذۡهَبَآ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ إِنَّهُ ۥ طَغَىٰ (٤٣) فَقُولَا لَهُ ۥ قَوۡلاً۬ لَّيِّنً۬ا لَّعَلَّهُ ۥ يَتَذَكَّرُ أَوۡ يَخۡشَىٰ (٤٤) قَالَا رَبَّنَآ إِنَّنَا نَخَافُ أَن يَفۡرُطَ عَلَيۡنَآ أَوۡ أَن يَطۡغَىٰ (٤٥)
قَالَ لَا تَخَافَآۖ إِنَّنِى مَعَڪُمَآ أَسۡمَعُ وَأَرَىٰ (٤٦) فَأۡتِيَاهُ فَقُولَآ إِنَّا رَسُولَا رَبِّكَ فَأَرۡسِلۡ مَعَنَا بَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ وَلَا تُعَذِّبۡہُمۡۖ قَدۡ جِئۡنَـٰكَ بِـَٔايَةٍ۬ مِّن رَّبِّكَۖ وَٱلسَّلَـٰمُ عَلَىٰ مَنِ ٱتَّبَعَ ٱلۡهُدَىٰٓ (٤٧) إِنَّا قَدۡ أُوحِىَ إِلَيۡنَآ أَنَّ ٱلۡعَذَابَ عَلَىٰ مَن ڪَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ (٤٨) قَالَ فَمَن رَّبُّكُمَا يَـٰمُوسَىٰ (٤٩) قَالَ رَبُّنَا ٱلَّذِىٓ أَعۡطَىٰ كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ خَلۡقَهُ ۥ ثُمَّ هَدَىٰ (٥٠) قَالَ فَمَا بَالُ ٱلۡقُرُونِ ٱلۡأُولَىٰ (٥١) قَالَ عِلۡمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّى فِى كِتَـٰبٍ۬ۖ لَّا يَضِلُّ رَبِّى وَلَا يَنسَى (٥٢) ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ مَهۡدً۬ا وَسَلَكَ لَكُمۡ فِيہَا سُبُلاً۬ وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً۬ فَأَخۡرَجۡنَا بِهِۦۤ أَزۡوَٲجً۬ا مِّن نَّبَاتٍ۬ شَتَّىٰ (٥٣) كُلُواْ وَٱرۡعَوۡاْ أَنۡعَـٰمَكُمۡۗ إِنَّ فِى ذَٲلِكَ لَأَيَـٰتٍ۬ لِّأُوْلِى ٱلنُّهَىٰ (٥٤) ۞ مِنۡہَا خَلَقۡنَـٰكُمۡ وَفِيہَا نُعِيدُكُمۡ وَمِنۡہَا نُخۡرِجُكُمۡ تَارَةً أُخۡرَىٰ (٥٥) وَلَقَدۡ أَرَيۡنَـٰهُ ءَايَـٰتِنَا كُلَّهَا فَكَذَّبَ وَأَبَىٰ (٥٦)
Go, thou and thy brother, with My tokens, and be not faint in remembrance of Me. (42) Go, both of you, unto Pharaoh. Lo! he hath transgressed (the bounds). (43) And speak unto him a gentle word, that peradventure he may heed or fear. (44) They said: Our Lord! Lo! We fear that he may be beforehand with us or that he may play the tyrant.
So go ye unto him and say: Lo! we are two messengers of thy Lord. So let the childreHe said: Fear not. Lo! I am with you twain, Hearing and Seeing. (46)n of Israel go with us, and torment them not. We bring thee a token from thy Lord. And peace will be for him who followeth right guidance. (47) Lo! it hath been revealed unto us that the doom will be for him who denieth and turneth away. (48) (Pharaoh) said: Who then is the Lord of you twain, O Moses? (49) He said: Our Lord is He Who gave unto everything its nature, then guided it aright. (50) He said: What then is the state of the generations of old? (51) He said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a Record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth, (52) Who hath appointed the earth as a bed and hath threaded roads for you therein and hath sent down water from the sky and thereby We have brought forth divers kinds of vegetation, (53) (Saying): Eat ye and feed your cattle. Lo! herein verily are portents for men of thought. (54) Thereof We created you, and thereunto We return you, and thence We bring you forth a second time. (55)
Allah Subhanawataala is instructing Prophet Muhammad who is surrounded by powerful adversity in the pagan leaders of Quraish who are willing to destroy him if he continues to threaten their lifestyle. Allah Subhnawataala recounts the methodology that he had instructed Moses (AS) in to confront Pharaoh.
The command of Allah is taking place in a breathtaking place, and is its impact is enough to daunt even the bravest of men to hold his breath and break out in goose bumps with fear.
Allah Subhanawataala is commanding Moses AS who has been living in Midyan (a harsh terrain and tending sheep and grain for his wife’s family to go to the most powerful icon in the known world and confront him and correct his statement that “I am God the Almighty”
These ayahs are mesmeric not only in their huge significance of what they relate and to whom, but also to the listener: Prophet Muhammad who is absorbing the significance of what Allah Subhanawataala is preparing him for.
The scene in the Tuwa valley where Moses AS a runaway immigrant from Egypt, the son of a slave community, has killed a man by mistake and has found sanctuary with a farmer. He has married one of his daughters and is serving him.
Historic texts relate that Moses (AS) had a hesitancy in the flow of his speech. He was in appearance is the opposite of the Pharaohs.
The Pharaohs were tall (comparatively to those times), fair complexioned, slim and lithe of body and carried themselves with arrogance as they werre from a long line of rulers.
Moses (AS) is born to the Israelites (descendants of Yaqub AS) and is dark complexioned, some report that he had tightly curly hair, and was strong in body. He was extremely honest and ethical even before Naboowat. He was quick to anger.
Allah knows best if this description is absolutely accurate.
15 STEPS: How to approach a powerful tyrant for dawah and Tawheed?
Here are the points gleaned from the summary of the Tafseer of these ayahs by Dr. Farhat Hashmi:
1. Preparation: by establishing inner strength through worship and Dhikr:
“Verily I am Allah: there is no god but I: so serve thou Me, (only) and establish regular prayer for celebrating My praise. (14)
2. The first action: from Moses (AS) is Dua: As soon as Allah Subhanawataala commands him to go to Pharaoh because he has transgressed and rebelled and called himself “God” Moses AS asks Allah:
قَالَ رَبِّ ٱشۡرَحۡ لِى صَدۡرِى (٢٥) وَيَسِّرۡ لِىٓ أَمۡرِى (٢٦) وَٱحۡلُلۡ عُقۡدَةً۬ مِّن لِّسَانِى (٢٧) يَفۡقَهُواْ قَوۡلِى (٢٨)
(Moses) said: “O my Lord! Expand me my breast;” (25) “Ease my task for me; (26) “And remove the impediment from my speech. (27) “So they may understand what I say
3. Getting reliable support:
Appoint for me a henchman from my folk, (29) Aaron, my brother. (30) Confirm my strength with him (31) And let him share my task, (32) That we may glorify Thee much (33) And much remember Thee. (34)
4. Ask for a support system:
Go and take your brother: Allah grants the request.
My comment: if someone needs to bolster ones spirit take your brother or sister in Islam with you so that you have help, support and an avenue of rescue if needed.
5. Method and Tone of Communication: Allah Subhanawataala instructs:
And speak unto him a gentle word that peradventure he may heed or fear. (44)
Do not be confrontational, but calm and gentle in tone, because one is there not to fight but to convey the Oneness of God.
6. Overcome Fear at onset of task: Allah instructs:
Go, thou and thy brother, with My tokens, and be not faint in remembrance of Me. (42)
7. Reassurance of Allah if one is facing a tyrant for Tawheed:
He said: Fear not. Lo! I am with you twain, Hearing and Seeing. (46)
8. Introduce your status and message:
So go ye unto him and say: Lo! we are two messengers of thy Lord…………(47)
9. Be specific as to the action desired:
So let the children of Israel go with us, and torment them not…………….(47)
Release of the slaves, (israelites) and offer to take them and not to torture them.
10. Offer what they will get in return:
………………………….We bring thee a token from thy Lord. And peace will be for him who followeth right guidance. (47)
This underlines that peace only comes to the one who follows the right guidance (Islam as the teachings of Islam if truly absorbed and practiced sincerely bring peace to the individual and society at large)
11..Warning: He who turns away from our Creator, will be doomed.
12. Avoid answering a trick question, which are being used as a distracter:
He said: What then is the state of the generations of old? (51)
Here the Pharaoh is sarcastically asking about the Ad and Thamud to distract Moses (AS) into another argument, about the rights and wrongs of the past.
13. Allah knows best:
Moses (AS) answer closes that subject and allow him to come back to the evidence of Tawheed.
He said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a Record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth, (52).
14. Recount all the signs of Allah in nature:
“He Who has made for you the earth like a carpet spread out; has enabled you to go about therein by roads (and channels); and has sent down water from the sky.” With it have We produced divers pairs of plants each separate from the others. (53) Eat (for yourselves) and pasture your cattle: verily, in this are Signs for men endued with understanding. (54)
My suggestion: Here a student of Deen must be well versed with the bio sciences of the living world atleast in the human body, plants or the planets which ever area one had most expertise in.
A medical student/physician should be well versed in all the ayahs in the Quran that define and describe the functions, attributes and mechanism of actions in the human body.
15. The graveyard reminder: We are dust to dust: created from it and returned to it:
From the (earth) did We create you, and into it shall We return you, and from it shall We bring you out once again. (55)
Spring, summer fall and winter also illustrates the cycle of life and death and reminds us of our Creator.
End Summary of Tafseer