بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
سَيَقُولُونَ ثَلَـٰثَةٌ۬ رَّابِعُهُمۡ كَلۡبُهُمۡ وَيَقُولُونَ خَمۡسَةٌ۬ سَادِسُہُمۡ كَلۡبُہُمۡ رَجۡمَۢا بِٱلۡغَيۡبِۖ وَيَقُولُونَ سَبۡعَةٌ۬ وَثَامِنُہُمۡ ڪَلۡبُہُمۡۚ قُل رَّبِّىٓ أَعۡلَمُ بِعِدَّتِہِم مَّا يَعۡلَمُهُمۡ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ۬ۗ فَلَا تُمَارِ فِيہِمۡ إِلَّا مِرَآءً۬ ظَـٰهِرً۬ا وَلَا تَسۡتَفۡتِ فِيهِم مِّنۡهُمۡ أَحَدً۬ا (٢٢)
(Some) will say: They were three, their dog the fourth, and (some) say: Five, their dog the sixth, guessing at random; and (some) say: Seven, and their dog the eighth. Say (O Muhammad): My Lord is best aware of their number. None knoweth them save a few. So contend not concerning them except with an outward contending, and ask not any of them to pronounce concerning them. (22)
TAFSEER translated from Dr. Farhat Hashmi
Soon they will say that they were five and sixth was their dog. These conjectures are like throwing rocks in the wind, there is no basis of what is being said, as they have no proofs and no confirmations.
This is a lesson, for all ofus. Talking without ilm and giving fatwas without daleel should be avoided.
Example: Sometimes people start discussing things like an expert after only watching TV and reading the newspapers and pass judgment without having all the facts.
Some will say there were seven and the eighth was their dog. Here
Our Rabb knows the exact amount, of numbers, but only a few know the numbers.
So do not argue about their numbers and place, except superficially”
This is essential etiquette in our daily life. Who is teaching this?
Allah Subhanawataala is teaching RasoolAllah pbuh and thus us.
Those things in which lead to arguments these should be superficial, the argument should remain superficial, these should remain at the level of the tongue and should not be deep and heartfelt, because if taken to heart, then fitna can cause serious damage in relationships between people.
Example: Sometimes in families, discussion of politics comes up, it is best to present ones view, if the other does not agree, do not ram it down their throat and force your point of view because no Khair comes out of it and hatred breeds in the heart and disturbs relationships, and distances Muslims from each other
Thus people could discuss for hours as to how many sleepers there were, but there can be no outcome of the numbers as Allah Subhanawataala says that only a “few” know that. So there is no need for conjecture and argument as there will be no end to it and thus no resolution, thus just discuss it superficially and leave it.
What do we learn from this ? In Deen and Fiqh issues if there is a specific rule and daleel based on ilm then accept it, and if there is not, leave it and move on. Do not force it on the other person; let them be, if they do not accept it. Do not allow Ijdihadi differences become a source of division in the Muslim Ummah.
The role of the Muslim is to relate what they know with proofs, and do not become upset if the other person does not accept it, leave it at that. Do not try to ram it down their throat, do not because it creates resentment and stifles the true search for ilm, facts and the truth.
Do not ask others (Ahl e Kitab) regarding the Ashaab al Kahf. There is a lesson here for us that we should not randomly ask people for their opinions only if they are people of ilm.