Tafseer Al Isra
وَقُرۡءَانً۬ا فَرَقۡنَـٰهُ لِتَقۡرَأَهُ ۥ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ عَلَىٰ مُكۡثٍ۬ وَنَزَّلۡنَـٰهُ تَنزِيلاً۬ (_١٠٦_) قُلۡ ءَامِنُواْ بِهِۦۤ أَوۡ لَا تُؤۡمِنُوٓاْۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ مِن قَبۡلِهِۦۤ إِذَا يُتۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡہِمۡ يَخِرُّونَ لِلۡأَذۡقَانِ سُجَّدً۬ا (_١٠٧_) وَيَقُولُونَ سُبۡحَـٰنَ رَبِّنَآ إِن كَانَ وَعۡدُ رَبِّنَا لَمَفۡعُولاً۬ (_١٠٨_) وَيَخِرُّونَ لِلۡأَذۡقَانِ يَبۡكُونَ وَيَزِيدُهُمۡ خُشُوعً۬ا ۩ (_١٠٩_) قُلِ ٱدۡعُواْ ٱللَّهَ أَوِ ٱدۡعُواْ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنَۖ أَيًّ۬ا مَّا تَدۡعُواْ فَلَهُ ٱلۡأَسۡمَآءُ ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰۚ وَلَا تَجۡهَرۡ بِصَلَاتِكَ وَلَا تُخَافِتۡ بِہَا وَٱبۡتَغِ بَيۡنَ ذَٲلِكَ سَبِيلاً۬ (_١١٠_) وَقُلِ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِى لَمۡ يَتَّخِذۡ وَلَدً۬ا وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ شَرِيكٌ۬ فِى ٱلۡمُلۡكِ وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ وَلِىٌّ۬ مِّنَ ٱلذُّلِّۖ وَكَبِّرۡهُ تَكۡبِيرَۢا (_١١١_)
And (it is) a Qur’an that We have divided, that thou mayst recite it unto mankind at intervals, and We have revealed it by (successive) revelation. (106) Say: Believe therein or believe not, lo! those who were given knowledge before it, when it is read unto them, fall down prostrate on their faces, adoring, (107) Saying: Glory to our Lord! Verily the promise of our Lord must be fulfilled. (108) They fall down on their faces, weeping, and it increaseth humility in them. (109) Say (unto mankind): Cry unto Allah, or cry unto the Beneficent, unto whichsoever ye cry (it is the same). His are the most beautiful names. And thou (Muhammad), be not loud-voiced in thy worship nor yet silent therein, but follow a way between. (110) And say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty, nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence. (111)
TAFSEER By Dr. Farhat Hashmi
The Quran has been revealed little by little in sections and should be read thus little by little.
Those who believed or not, and had knowledge of Allah’s promise from previously revealed scriptures, they bent their heads and their chins fell to their chests with acceptance because they were overcome with humility as they had been told of The coming of the last Messenger in their scriptures earlier.
What is the response of the people who when they heard the Quran knew that it was the promised words of God indicated in their scriptures and recognized it and accepted it.
- These are the people who have known of the promise of Allah in that He will send a last Messenger. Such people when they hear the Quran they bow their heads to it, and their chins fall to their chests with humble acceptance.
- Tears come to their eyes when they hear Allah’s word
- Their khushoowa (humility in closeness to Allah) increases when they listen to it, then they cry and ask for forgiveness.
E.g. Nagashi (Surah Al Maida 83:
When they listen to that which hath been revealed unto the messengers, thou seest their eyes overflow with tears because of their recognition of the Truth. They say: Our Lord, we believe. Inscribe us as among the witnesses. (83)
4. Their taqwa increases
The people of ilm who have bowed their head to the Quran say “Great is our Lord and his promise will be completed”. (Pertaining to the indications of the last Messenger in their scriptures).
We should pay attention to what happens to us when we listen to the Quran do we become more humble or more arrogant regarding our knowledge.
What happens to me when I listen to the Quran?
What happens to my salah?
How am I in front of others?
How often does fear of Allah make me pause and shudder from it?
SIGNS OF THOSE WHO ARE AWAY FROM ALLAH
Hard hearted (No fear of Allah, no compassion for humans and harsh in dealing with humans)
Lack of humility
ABU HURAYRA RA narrated: that Prophet Muhammad pbuh said:
Who ever cries due to the fear of Allah he will not enter Hell, just as milk cannot be returned to the teat of the goat.
And those who walk in the path of Allah, the dust of his feet and the smoke of Jahannum will never congeal in the nostrils of the Muslim.
Those who have ilm they are fear Allah
Ilm of Dunya sometimes makes people arrogant, where as learning the Ilm of Deen changes the level of humility of the person.
Whether you call with Allah or Rahman, whichever name you use all are the beautiful names of Allah’s attributes.
Furqan 60: And when it is said unto them: Adore the Beneficent! they say: And what is the Beneficent? Are we to adore to whatever thou (Muhammad) biddest us? And it increaseth aversion in them. (60)
The pagans were ignorant of Allah’s names.
If one loves Allah one calls him with his beautiful names.
Araaf 180: Allah’s are the fairest names. Invoke Him by them. And leave the company of those who blaspheme His names. They will be requited what they do. (180)
And don’t excessively increase the sound of increase the late prayers (the ones that are said aloud) night prayers (i.e. Maghreb, isha, tahajjud, fajr). These prayers are not to be recited in a loud and aggressive voice, which makes the prayer like a noise. It should be recited not too loud and not too softly. Find a middle path.
Do not go overboard on either side not too loud or not too soft whether you are in jamaat or individually.
In a Majlis of ilm a teacher should speak so that all the students can hear but not outside the circle.
(Abu Daud) Abu Hurayra narrated that when RasoolAllah (pbuh) recited the Quran his tone was up and down, not a monotone.
Narrated by Ibn Abbass: Inside the house his voice in Qirat was such that all inside the house could hear it.
He enunciated each word clearly, such that no word was ambiguous. Thus in following this Sunnah one can be guaranteed improved communication, as the words are clear and unambiguous.
The practice for everything in life is in Salah: (pitch and tone of voice, body movements, self discipline, focus, screening outside distractions, etc)
This surah concludes with Alhamdollillah and the Torah also concludes with Alhamdollillah
The one who does not do Hamd also does not do Shukr
On the day of Qiyamah those people will be the first to be called towards jannah who, whether they were in pain or in happiness said “Alhamdollilah”
Say All thanks is for Allah that entity who does not beget and has no children and no one is a partner in his Kingship and no one is his helper, he does not need one as he is not weak (zul)
This is the Ayah of Izz as related by Prophet Muhammad pbuh, in which the greatness and Praise of Allah Subhanawataala has been related.
In Summary: This surah is also called Surah Bani Israel as in this Surah, with the Isra and Mairaaj and the act of Prophet Muhammad leading all the Prophets (ambiyas) in prayer at Masjed al Aqsa, made him the leader of all past prophets.
With The transference of Immamat from the Bani Israel to Prophet Muhammad, all previous Shariahs were abrogated, and Quran was made supreme for mankind for the rest of time.
Message: Recognize the significance of Quran, The Bani Israel were lost when they left their book and changed it.
Action advocated in this Surah: Make Shukr to Allah that He gave us this Naimah of Hidayah (the Quran)
Final words and message:
وَكَبِّرۡهُ تَكۡبِيرَۢا (_١١١
Kabeera Takbeerah: Read Takberaat