Allah Subhanawataala taught our beloved Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him, many things about the science of nature, the sun, the moon, the stars and the twelve month calendar which is all in the Quran.
Below is a beautiful hadith illustrating obedience to Allah by His creation, punctuality, and the Final Day, explained by Prophet Muhammad so that even a child could understand it:
Narrated Abu Dhar:
The Prophet asked me at sunset,
“Do you know where the sun goes (at the time of sunset)?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” He said, “It goes (i.e. travels) till it prostrates Itself underneath the Throne and takes the permission to rise again, and it is permitted and then (a time will come when) it will be about to prostrate itself but its prostration will not be accepted, and it will ask permission to go on its course but it will not be permitted, but it will be ordered to return whence it has come and so it will rise in the west. And that is the interpretation of the Statement of Allah:
“And the sun Runs its fixed course For a term (decreed). that is The Decree of (Allah) The Exalted in Might, The All-Knowing.” (36.38)