وَلَن أَذَقنَا ٱلإِنسَـنَ مِنَّا رَحمَةً ثُمَّ نَزَعنَـهَا مِنهُ إِنَّهُ لَيَـُٔوسٌ فُورٌ (٩) وَلَن أَذَقنَـهُ نَعمَآءَ بَعدَ ضَرَّآءَ مَسَّتهُ لَيَقُولَنَّ ذَهَبَ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتُ عَنِّىٓ إِنَّهُ لَفَرِحٌ فَخُورٌ (١٠) إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ صَبَرُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـلِحَـتِ أُوْلَـكَ لَهُم مَّغفِرَةٌ وَأَجرٌ بِيرٌ((١١
And if we cause man to taste some mercy from Us and afterward withdraw it from him, Lo! he is despairing, thankless. (9) And if We cause him to taste grace after some misfortune that had befallen him, he saith: The ills have gone from me. Lo! he is exultant, boastful; (10) Save those who persevere and do good works. Theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward. (11)
TAFSEER BY DR. FARHAT HASHMI:
If we get a taste (fleeting) of the Mercy (naimah) in the form of some advantage of dunya from Allah, and then Allah takes it back, then the human being, man or womah becomes extremely disappointed, depressed and thankless. However the people of emaan do not become depressed or without hope.
Reference from Surah Yusuf 12: 87
يبَنِىَّ اذهَبُوا فَتَحَسَّسُوا مِن يُّوسُفَ وَاَخِيهِ وَلَا تَايــَٔسُوا مِن رَّوحِ اللّهِ اِنَّه لَا يَايــَٔسُ مِن رَّوحِ اللّهِ اِلَّا القَومُ الكفِرُونَ﴿۸۷﴾
“O my sons! Go ye and enquire about Joseph and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s Soothing Mercy: truly no one despairs of Allah’s Soothing Mercy, except those who have no faith.” (12:87)
Despondency, depression and despair are not in the vocabulary of the Momin:
In Surah Al QALAM (68) Allah Subhanawataala says:
عَسى رَبُّنَا اَن يُّبدِلَـنَا خَيرًا مِّنهَا اِنَّا اِلى رَبِّنَا رغِبُونَ (۳۲)
“It may be that our Lord will give us in exchange a better (garden) than this: for we do turn to Him (in repentance)!” (68:32)
Life itself is temporary, and thus the taste of Allah’s mercy in this dunya is also temporary. He Subhanawataala wants us to know what the Naimah of his mercy are like. He (Subhanawataala) also wants us to know the tempory nature of the naimah (by taking it away. This fleeting taste of his mercy is a reminder that this naimah was just a glimpse (preview) of what is promised us in the Hereafter.
And if we are given or taste the Namah (defined as those gifts from Allah whose effect is apparent on the individual (e.g. when someone is given health after severe disease, affluence after poverty or relief after difficulties,) then Allah Subhanawataala observes in this ayah that the person becomes very boastful and shows off this naimah (without being thankful).
Allah Subhanawataala qualifies that ahle- emaan (Momin) are not boastful, and do Sabr and good deeds and will thus get forgiveness and a huge reward.
Rasool Allah PBUH said:
I swear by Him in whose hand is my life: Allah SWT does not make a decision for a Momin unless it is good for him or her.
If he or she (a Momin) gets some goodness or happiness he or she is thankful, and that is good for him and if he is faced with adversity he does Sabr and this is also good for him or her because it is a source of forgiveness.
This quality is only specific to a Momin that he or she has submitted to the will of Allah in all conditions of ease and adversity.
And in another Hadith Rasool Allah pbuh said:
I swear by Him in whose hand is my life: Any Momin with any kind of sadness, grief or pain even if it is as minor as a thorn that pricks him or her, Allah forgives his or her sins.
Such people (momins) are given forgiveness and a huge reward
Ahle- emaan i.e. those with emaan are not boastful on getting a Namah nor do they get depressed when the namah is taken from them.They have Sabr.
Thus Allah SWT says in the final section of the ayah that those who do sabr and good deeds will get forgiveness and an extremely huge reward.
These ayahs symbolize the state of mind of a momin, no matter what the circumstances and that is:
1. Total and complete submission to the will of Allah Subhanawataala
2. Having Sabr and acceptance with submission to Him Subhanawataala in happiness and in sadness, in ease and in diversity and at all times remembering that in dunya all things, people and circumstances are transitory and that:
“THIS TOO SHALL PASS”
I too am struggling with this state,
Please keep me in your prayers.