ALLAH (SWT) TEACHES MOSES (AS) WHAT IS THEIR OUTCOME.
Tafseer from Farhat Hashmi
These ayahs review the training of Musa (AS) by Allah SWT. These are explained in the Quran to build a perspective for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to learn from the teachings of Musa (AS) to the Children of Israel.
007.145 YUSUFALI: And We ordained laws for him in the tablets in all matters, both commanding and explaining all things, (and said): “Take and hold these with firmness, and enjoin thy people to hold fast by the best in the precepts: soon shall I show you the homes of the wicked,- (How they lie desolate).”
“And enjoin thy people to hold fast by the best in the precepts”
What are the best of the precepts: This is Ahsan
One can perform our duties to Allah in two ways and though both ways fulfill the act but differ in the level of excellence:
Often in the Quran two options are given for many acts Azeemat (doing an act perfectly beautifully and bringing it to excellence) and Rukhsat (we can do it marginally and sometimes we can get away by not doing it too)
Two levels: Ahsan (excellence) and the other is doing it to the bare minimum to complete it.
While reading the book (The Quran): one can either do the things commanded by Allah and put them into action immediately or as some people do, take the minor items skirt the major issues which will require us to change our habits and embroil others in splitting hairs regarding the minor issues and leaving every one in a state of ambivalence regarding the commandments in the Quran.
Leading people into discussion of subjects in the Quran, which have no action value, is one way of studying the Quran, which does not bear results or a better way is if one, can take the commandments and follow them and review the disobediences and avoid them. The Quran is a book of instruction with examples, not a book on philosophy to be discussed and then laid aside when it comes time to live life.
So here Allah SWT says: Choose the path of Ahsan
Hadith: RasoolAllah (PBUH) noticed, “Some companions were lagging behind (procrastination)”. Rasollallah (PBUH) said,” come forward” (e.g. Sometimes in salaat the front rows are empty and people don’t step forward to fill the slots because they may want to leave early and it is easier to slide out of the back or they are standing with a friend and they don’t want to go forward) and then RasoolAllah (PBUH) said” and follow me, and those who will come after you will follow you( as a role model). Some people who will always lag behind till Allah SWT will also leave them behind.” End Hadith
RasoolAllah (PBUH) thus asked for protection from many of these things, which stand in the path of action:
RasoolAllah’s supplication or Dua: O Allah I give myself to you, save me from Ham (Sadness with no resolution and no way to change it), wal Huzn (other peoples sorrow) wal Ajaz (weakness, wal Kasal (laziness) wal jun (cowardice, losing ones confidence, inability to face the daily challenges of life) and stinginess.
“Soon shall I show you the homes of the wicked,- (How they lie desolate).”
Some tafseers say that this is a reference to the Firoun and Al-e- Firoun the entire dynasty of which was completely destroyed.
Other tafseers say this is a reference to: Amalika whom the children of Israel were asked to fight and the children of Israel backed out demonstrating ajaz and kasal.
Some say it is about Shaam i.e. the cities of Lut, which were destroyed, and lie in shambles under the red sea.
Some say it is about the House in Akhirah, which will show what happened to these people who deny Allah’s book
007.146 YUSUFALI: Those who behave arrogantly on the earth in defiance of right – them will I turn away from My signs: Even if they see all the signs, they will not believe in them; and if they see the way of right conduct, they will not adopt it as the way; but if they see the way of error, that is the way they will adopt. For they have rejected our signs, and failed to take warning from them.
THE PUNISHMENT OF ARROGANCE IN THIS WORLD
“Soon I will turn these people away from my book and its signs” says Allah Subhanawataala, those people who behave arrogantly on this earth with no inherent reason, their arrogance is on the naimah that Allah has given them, and they attribute it to themselves.
Thus their inability to understand and appreciate the signs of Allah is a punishment for the arrogant of this world.
What is the definition of Arrogance?
Those who think of other people as inferior and deny the truth.
On examining what arrogant people are arrogant about it is usually about naimah (gift, bounty ) from Allah be it their face their health or their wealth or power
I.e. such people are deprived from all the goodness that comes from recognizing the signs of Allah and being grateful for it. They are blinded to Allah’s book and His signs and become incapable of understanding Allah’s signs because their hearts are blinded by their arrogance.
If these people see the signs of Allah they will not accept it as they have sealed their heart with their arrogance (a door shut to the capacity and tawfeeq of understanding Allah’s given knowledge and understanding of his signs).
Such people when shown the path of Rushd will not walk on it.
What is Rushd? Any work that is done well, Istiqamah (steadfastness) in Deen, Husn e tadbeer, (excellence in planning), Hoshmandi (awareness) and samajdari (Using ones intellect for doing something well)
Why? Because these people (the arrogant) have not accepted Allah’s signs and they have also denied them
Why and how do these people do this?
If one has to follow and obey Allah they would have to get rid of arrogance.
BLINDING THE HEART
Why is it easy to follow the path of Gumrahi? (Straying from the Path of Allah)
It is easier for them to follow their Nafs and desire and ones own inclinations (in doing so they place a covering over their hearts which blinds it from purity and the ability to see the path of Allah and recognize his signs) because they have a choice and following ones Nafs is easier and requires less self discipline they go that route, even though it may be detrimental in the long run.
IMMEDIATE OR DELAYED GRATIFICATION
These arrogant people who are blinded by their arrogance eventually become unable to understand the signs of Allah and his book, (Their sensitivity to the truth is dulled and having stayed out of the circle of Allah’s words forget that they are important and that there is a reward or punishment of their actions. They believe in immediate gratification instead of delayed gratification even if this will have better and more longstanding results.
Two types of people are unable to understand appreciate and take advantage of Allah’s ayahs
1. The arrogant :These are people who choose to ignore and deny Allah’s words because they want instant gratification of their desires and do not have the self discipline to rein in their Nafs and desires in order to follow the words of Allah.
2. The heedless (Ghafil) these people are those who are ignorant of the benefits of Allah’s words
007.147 YUSUFALI: Those who reject Our signs and the meeting in the Hereafter,- vain are their deeds: Can they expect to be rewarded except as they have wrought?
This is self explanatory.
ATTRIBUTES TO AVOID
3. Desire for Instant gratification
4. Being ruled by one’s Nafs
5. Lack of self discipline
6. Seek protection against personal and other folks sadness, weakness, laziness, cowardice and stinginess (Prophet;s (PBUH) dua
ATTRIBUTES TO INCULCATE
1. reading the Quran as an instructional Biook
2. Avoiding the sidelines and practicing the commandments
3. Avoiding the disobediences
4. Controlling the Nafs with Mujahida
5. Controlling desires and inclinations
6. Overthrow the yoke of Ghafala (heedlessness)
7. Remind ourselves of the outcome of the arrogant and the heedless.
PLEASE ADD TO THE LIST OF ATTRIBUTES TO AVOID AND INCULCATE