6:151 Say: “Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from”: Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want;- We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds. Whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.
Qul taAAalaw atlu ma harrama rabbukum AAalaykum alla tushrikoo bihi shayan wabialwalidayni ihsanan wala taqtuloo awladakum min imlaqin nahnu narzuqukum waiyyahum wala taqraboo alfawahisha ma thahara minha wama batana wala taqtuloo alnnafsa allatee harrama Allahu illa bialhaqqi thalikum wassakum bihi laAAallakum taAAqiloona
قُلْ تَعَالَوْاْ أَتْلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ أَلاَّ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَلاَ تَقْتُلُواْ أَوْلاَدَكُم مِّنْ إمْلاَقٍ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَلاَ تَقْتُلُواْ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللّهُ إِلاَّ بِالْحَقِّ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُمْ بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ (6:151
6:152 And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.
Wala taqraboo mala alyateemi illa biallatee hiya ahsanu hatta yablugha ashuddahu waawfoo alkayla waalmeezana bialqisti la nukallifu nafsan illa wusAAaha waitha qultum faiAAdiloo walaw kana tha qurba wabiAAahdi Allahi awfoo thalikum wassakum bihi laAAallakum tathakkaroona
وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا مَالَ الْيَتِيمِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ حَتَّىٰ يَبْلُغَ أَشُدَّهُ ۖوَأَوْفُوا الْكَيْلَ وَالْمِيزَانَ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖ لَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۖ وَإِذَا قُلْتُمْ فَاعْدِلُوا وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَىٰ ۖ وَبِعَهْدِ اللَّـهِ أَوْفُوا ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُم بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ ﴿١٥٢﴾
Tafseer taken from Taleem ul Quran by Farhat Hashmi and The Retreat.
This is a wasiyat (A note of guidance left for ones inheritors) from RasoolAllah (PBUH) and has his (PBUH) stamp on it as being given to us by the command of Allah
These ayahs give those commands of Usool e Deen which are found in every monotheist religion and is outlined by every Messenger that came before Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
These rules are the foundation of our Deen,
Allah SWT commands Prophet Muhammad: “Say…. Come”…towards a higher plane, this is in reference to physically as well as spiritually. Someone who is at a higher level is inviting the people at the lower lever upwards “ let me recite to you in such a way that nothing would intervene between you and me”, i.e. read, understand and follow, become so familiar with it so that no strangeness or ambiguity remains between this book and the people to whom it is being recited.
“ What Allah has made haraam on you by your Rab”:
1. Do not make partners with Him (SWT). Whether they are anyone or anything, small or large
Hadith: Do not do shirk (ascribe partners) with Allah even if you are burned or killed, do not join any other with Him (SWT), even if you are thrown in the fire. (e.g. Ibrahim (AS) was thrown in the fire because he declared Allah and only Allah as the only God)
Hadith: If someone dies not having joined partners with Allah he will go straight to Paradise.
And elsewhere in the Quran are reminders of this:
031.015 YUSUFALI: “But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to me (in love): in the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all that ye did.” PICKTHAL: But if they strive with thee to make thee ascribe unto Me as partner that of which thou hast no knowledge, then obey them not. Consort with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who repenteth unto Me. Then unto Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what ye used to do –
031.013 YUSUFALI: Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction: “O my son! join not in worship (others) with Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing.”
2. Treat your parents with Ehsaan Which defined as giving more than the haqq of the person, more than they have a right or more than what they deserve.
3. Do not kill your children for fear of poverty
017.031 YUSUFALI: Kill not your children for fear of want: We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.
4. Do not go near Favahish: This is a plural for fahashah, defined as an Open/public disobedience or sin, which affects others, i.e. Adultery Zina, do not even go near it, don’t go on that path which might lead you to it. It includes that disobedience which is open or that which is within the heart that one hides from others and one does it in privacy. Examples include envy greed, backbiting, slander, or ill or vicious thoughts of harming others. All these acts are those that we hide from others, and yet indulge in our privacy. (My take is that these thoughts and acts harm us by poisoning our thought processes from the inside and eventually come out in a disastrous manner. This command is aimed to turn the tap off at its source)
Reference from the Quran:
007.033 Say: the things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah, for which He hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which ye have no knowledge.
Hadith: Ayesha RA related that the Prophet of Allah (PBUH ) said
“Allah feels most ghairaat when he sees his creation man or women doing zina (adultery).
5. Do not kill anyone that Allah has made haraam, except when you have the haq, the judicial right to do so: eg in the battlefield, or by justice and law.
These commandments are essential and so you are being asked to use your intellect to understand and follow.
6. Do not even approach the property of the orphan, except for what is best for him or her. And if it is in your jurisdiction keep it safe till he or she becomes of age of maturity, physically, emotionally and intellectually (age 25 according to some scholars).
Other references from the Quran:
004.006 YUSUFALI: Make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye find sound judgment in them, release their property to them; but consume it not wastefully, nor in haste against their growing up. If the guardian is well off, Let him claim no remuneration, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable. When ye release their property to them, take witnesses in their presence: But all sufficient is Allah in taking account.
004.010 YUSUFALI: Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into their own bodies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!
7. When you measure or weigh do it accurately, and with justice, do not keep any for yourself that actually belongs to them.
It is a disaster for those who deliberately do not measure and weigh for others and usurp their right.
8. Allah SWT does not burden any person with what is a great difficulty for them and lays on them tasks according to their ability to bear the burden.
9. When you speak do so justly (especially dealing between your children) or give witness, be truthful and just even if you have to give witness against your close relative or kin.
Reference from the Quran:
004.135 YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
036.060 YUSUFALI: “Did I not enjoin on you, O ye Children of Adam, that ye should not worship Satan; for that he was to you an enemy avowed?-
10. Fulfill the covenant of Allah:
Don’t worship anything other than Allah
Don’t do what he asked you not to do
Do what he asked you to do.
Fulfill your promise (ehad) because you will have to account for it. If you make a promise with Allah’s name you must fulfill it.
016.091 YUSUFALI: Fulfill the Covenant of Allah when ye have entered into it, and break not your oaths after ye have confirmed them; indeed ye have made Allah your surety; for Allah knoweth all that ye do.
Covenant of Allah taken by the children of Adam
007.172 YUSUFALI: When thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): “Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?”- They said: “Yea! We do testify!” (This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: “Of this we were never mindful”:
Allah is giving us these commandments so that we are constantly aware of these and remember to act on them constantly and consistently.
6:153 Verily, this is My way, leading straight: follow it: follow not (other) paths: they will scatter you about from His (great) path: thus doth He command you. that ye may be righteous.
Waanna hatha siratee mustaqeeman faittabiAAoohu wala tattabiAAoo alssubula fatafarraqa bikum AAan sabeelihi thalikum wassakum bihi laAAallakum tattaqoona
وَأَنَّ هَـذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَن سَبِيلِهِ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُم بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (6:153
Tafseer: Following these commandments will keep one on the straight path. Thus Allah SWT commands that follow this path not the others, if you do stray to the side paths, which are the paths of Shaytaan which lead to the Hellfire, then you will be separated from the path of Allah. He has given you these essential guidelines so that you become muttaqeen and are saved from the path of the Fire.
Hadith: Beware of the side paths away from the straight path as that is where Shaitan is sitting to get you off the straight path for good.
Use your intellect, understand, and then act on these commandments.
Disobeying these commandments falls into the category of major sins.
These commandments are repeated in every sermon in every church and synagogue and yet people go and do exactly the opposite…Why?
Tawheed is missing from their commandments…….Why?
The only reason we need to be aware of what others do is to beware of falling into those habits too that lead us away from acting on these commandments of Allah.
These commandments encompass the thought processes, love, family life, business, children, justice, and taking responsibility for ones own acts.
The following for me is an assurance as well as a warning:
Allah SWT does not burden any person with what is a great difficulty for them and lays on them tasks according to their ability to bear the burden.
May Allah (SWT) :
Give us the strength and taqwa to follow these commandments.
To give us the insight and perseverance to perform istighfaar if we have transgressed any of these.
To empower us to stay consistently on the Siraat e Mustaqeem with His (SWT) blessings.
To lead us to Jannat al Firdous, to behold His (SWT) face and be enveloped in His SWT love……… for eternity. Inshallah let this be our goal. Ameen.
How do you remind yourself to fulfill the commandments?
Which Commandment is most challenging for you intellectually or in action?