Surah Al Anaam (The Surah of Tawheed)
6:48 We send the apostles only to give good news and to warn: so those who believe and mend (their lives),- upon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
Wama nursilu almursaleena illa mubashshireena wamunthireena faman amana waaslaha fala khawfun AAalayhim wala hum yahzanoona
وَمَا نُرْسِلُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلاَّ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ فَمَنْ آمَنَ وَأَصْلَحَ فَلاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ (6:48
In this ayah there are three succinct messages:
1. The role and reason for sending the messengers
2. The explanation of the concept of Worship or ibadah
3. The outcome of those who deny, disobey or distort (Bidah) the methods of ibadah as sent by Allah via his messengers.
A. The Role and reason for sending Messengers:
Rasools (mursaleena) have been sent with a purpose and a particular message to teach people how to obey Allah (ibadah/worship) and that is good news but they are also sent to put fear in the hearts of people who do not obey Allah
B. The Concept of Worship:
Allah subhanawataala says in the Quran that He (SWT) made mankind and jinn to worship Him and sent the messengers to teach the people How to do it. Ibadah (Worship) has a particular methodology as taught by the apostles (Messengers) while gently putting fear in the hearts of the people if they disobey.
There are some specifications for Ibadah. There is a Particular method, a particular time and sometimes a particular place to obey Allah SWT
The specifications of Ibadaah:
1 Sabab: Reason e.g. such as Ramadan is here so we have a reason to perform this particular form of ibadat
2. Qadar: There is length for a particular type of ibadah e.g. Ramadan has 29-30 days
3. Kayfiyat: a state i.e. that of fasting
4. Zaman: Duration, e.g. a particular time and duration of fasting (dawn till dusk)
5. Maqaam: in some ibadah there is a particular place where they have to be performed e.g. such as in Hajj
Rasools (The Prophets) have been sent to teach us how to perform ibadat, if we follow what the rasool teach us then it is an ibadat. Any act of ibadat eg such as wudu & taharah is designated an ibadah if done with the intention and by using the sunnah of our Prophet (PBUH).
Thus if we wash ourselves as instructed by our Prophet (PBUH) it becomes an ibadat, whereas if we do the same act randomly then though it cleans us but it is no longer is an act of ibadat.
C. The outcome of those who deny, disobey or distort (Bidah) the methods of ibadah as sent by Allah via his messengers.
If one invents a process of prayer which does not follow the method that our Rasool (PBUH) taught us and claim it as ibadat then that is called Bidah and it becomes a waste of time, because we may think we are doing ibadah, but in actuality it is not recognized as worship by Allah SWT.
All ibadaat demand knowledge of the actions and behavior of the Rasool (PBUH) it is Allah’s rahma that He has sent messengers to teach us how to do ibadat.
The one who enters into emaan and corrects his or her life according to the teachings the messenger (Amaal e- Saleh) shall have no fear or sadness.
Amaal-e saleh has two major components:
1. Ikhlas Lillah (purity of intention with Allah)
2. Mutabaat RasoolAllah I.e. actions, which follow (obey) RasoolAllah (PBUH)
Those who spend their lives as Allah has instructed us to do so via His (SWT) messengers then they will have no fear of the future, they will have Allah’s Ehsaan, and will not be immersed in sadness. (on loss of Ajar)
If one is doing Bidah (inventing personal methods of worship without seeking guidance from the Quran and Sunnah or adapting them for personal comfort) and thinking that they are doing worship will be sad on the day of Judgment at the loss of time and effort.
The above post is my humble attempt to translate the tafseer by Farhat Hashmi.
Allah Knows Best.
How do you maximize your ibadah on a daily basis?