6:152 And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.
Wala taqraboo mala alyateemi illa biallatee hiya ahsanu hatta yablugha ashuddahu waawfoo alkayla waalmeezana bialqisti la nukallifu nafsan illa wusAAaha waitha qultum faiAAdiloo walaw kana tha qurba wabiAAahdi Allahi awfoo thalikum wassakum bihi laAAallakum tathakkaroona
وَلاَ تَقْرَبُواْ مَالَ الْيَتِيمِ إِلاَّ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَأَوْفُواْ الْكَيْلَ وَالْمِيزَانَ بِالْقِسْطِ لاَ نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلاَّ وُسْعَهَا وَإِذَا قُلْتُمْ فَاعْدِلُواْ وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَى وَبِعَهْدِ اللّهِ أَوْفُواْ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُم بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ (6:152)
Tafseer by Farhat Hashmi:
Allah Subhanawataala in the last part of this ayah states that the commandments he has given in this and the earlier ayah are His (SWT) wasiyaat nama (A document left behind for mankind to follow for their own good)
He (SWT) says in the last part of the ayah: Wasaakum! Wasaakum! wasaakum! This is Allah’s Wasiyah Naama or Takeedi hokum.
There are three stages of Learning, the final goal being taqwa.
Stage I: Taakeyloon : Use your intellect,
Stage II: Tazakiroon: Exercise your intellect and learn the lessons (from The Book) and deduce the truth from it.
Stage III: Tattaqoon: is the final goal. Act on the truth; use what you have learnt in the Book, to modulate your actions of daily life.
My take: After listening to the tafseer of the two ayahs (151-152) outlining the ten commandments from Allah, I realized that just reading the translation of the Quran is insufficient.
I found that even in one line their can be hidden a wealth of meaning and guidance. On the wings of that realization comes regret that I never learnt Arabic and frittered away my time learning other languages instead.
I am then reminded of Prophet Muhammad’s Hadith and I paraphrase” Never look back in regret except to learn from your mistakes, correct them and move on” and so begins my journey in search of a curriculum for Quranic Arabic. Any and all suggestions are welcome in the comment section.
The staging for Learning about Life 101 as outlined by Allah SWT, summarized above makes complete logical sense to me as a human being.
I have to use my intellect to approach the Quran, then sit down and try to understand it and as I do, I have to develop the will power to step by step inculcate it in my life.
Thus a Muslim is always a portrait in progress for he or she is forever trying to finesse into action what he or she has learnt from the Quran and time passes and then life comes to a halt.
THE SEARCH FOR HAPPINESS:)
Perhaps it is this journey and our attempt to reach the zenith of taqwa is what makes our Lord Allah SWT and us happy:)
If we make life good for others (which is a sure result of following Allah’s commandments: just look at the components) their reflected happiness makes us happy:)
Allah SWT looks down upon us and it makes Him happy that we are all following His (SWT) rules to keep each other happy:)
Thus as I see it there is no enforcement of religion, just following the rules He (SWT) outlined and all social and business life falls in place. If we meet resistance, and by following His (SWT) guidelines we loose out in the material world, then He (SWT) assures us His (SWT) reward afterwards.
The question is can we train ourselves for delayed gratification?
CAN WE WAIT FOR OUR REWARDS?
For what He (SWT) gives as a reward will surely outdo all that is offered to me here in dunya. I have to remind myself that often. After all He is Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
How do you delay gratification?